Pakistan is a country located in South Asia and is the world’s sixth-most populous country with a population of over 212 million people. Pakistan is bordered by India, Afghanistan, Iran, and China. It has coastlines on the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. Pakistan is home to a diverse landscape of mountains, deserts, and coastal areas. Pakistan has a rich cultural heritage and is home to many ethnic groups and languages. The official language of Pakistan is Urdu, with English also widely spoken. The country is a federal parliamentary republic and is divided into four provinces and two autonomous territories. Islamabad is the capital of Pakistan.