Iran, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country located in Western Asia. It is bordered by Iraq, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. It has a population of approximately 81 million people and is the second-largest country in the Middle East. Iran is a predominantly Shia Muslim country and its culture is heavily influenced by its Islamic faith. It is known for its rich history and culture, with ancient monuments, mosques, and shrines. The country is also known for its traditional Persian cuisine, music, and literature.