Social media posts and articles shared more than 100,000 times accuse Democratic Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez of exaggerating her experience and misleading viewers of an Instagram livestream because she was not in the US Capitol during the January 6, 2021 riot. But the lawmaker did not claim in the video to have been inside the Capitol, and instead made clear that she was at her office -- located in a nearby building -- when the unrest broke out.
Screenshot taken February 5, 2021 of an article
"If she was in her office, she was in the Cannon Building which is nearby, but a different building. But of course, many didn't get the logistics and just assumed that she was in the Capitol building," RedState wrote.
RedState's article was cited by others including Trending Politics which said she had been called out over a "massive hoax," as well as on Twitter, and in a Facebook post by author and filmmaker Dinesh D'Souza. In a February 5 Facebook video, D'Souza further addressed the congresswoman's purportedly "fake account."
She posted her nearly 90-minute Instagram live video on February 2, beginning with a revelation that she was a sexual assault survivor. "Trauma compounds on each other," she said.
Almost a month earlier, hundreds of Trump supporters had invaded the domed Capitol, where legislators were meeting to certify Joe Biden's victory, in a riot fueled by false claims of fraud in the 2020 presidential election.
Although her video is titled "What Happened at the Capitol," she never claims in the clip to have been at the legislative building itself during the January 6 violence.
"Members of Congress, except for the Speaker and other very, very high ranking ones, don't actually work in that building with the dome. There's buildings right next to the dome and that's where our actual offices are," she said in the video.
Ocasio-Cortez said there was a moment on January 6 when she "thought everything was over" and that she was going to die after an unidentified man repeatedly banged on the door of her office, prompting her to hide in a bathroom while he yelled, "Where is she? Where is she?"
When her staffer said it was OK to come out, she saw it was a Capitol Police officer, who told them to go to another building but did not accompany them.
Her office did not respond to an emailed query for elaboration, and Capitol Police did not respond to a question about the situation at Cannon and Longworth offices on that day.
Ocasio-Cortez said she and her staffer eventually ran into Representative Katie Porter, who let them hide in her office in Longworth.
Even those on the periphery of potentially traumatic events can experience emotional distress.
"We know that there are acute reactions and stress that are nearly universal," said Farris Tuma, chief of the Traumatic Stress Research Program at the National Institute of Mental Health, who was speaking generally and did not discuss what happened to Ocasio-Cortez.
"Not everybody experiences the same thing the same way," however, Tuma said.
So it is likely that not only those at the epicenter of an event, but "people close to what happened in one way or another, either physically close or because of a relationship and a connection they have with someone," would experience distress, anxiety and worry, he said.
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