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Did UPA Break The Back Of Terrorism In J&K As Claimed By Rahul Gandhi? A FactCheck

Did UPA Break The Back Of Terrorism In J&K As Claimed By Rahul Gandhi? A FactCheck

Rahul Gandhi is right in saying that terror incidents in Jammu & Kashmir saw a huge decline in the 9 years of UPA government between 2004 – 2013.


Congress Vice-President Rahul Gandhi in a Q&A session on September 11 at University of California, Berkeley claimed that in 9 years (2004-2013), UPA broke the back of terrorism in Jammu and Kashmir. This trend, Gandhi claims, was destroyed after BJP came to power in 2014.



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The official handle of the Congress party tweeted –



BOOM does a fact check.


CLAIM 1: UPA broke the back of terrorism in Jammu and Kashmir.


FACT: Data shows a consistent drop in terror incidents between 2004 and 2013.


CLAIM 2: BJP destroyed it in 30 days.


FACT: Though terror incidents have shown an increase since 2014, this claim is an over statement.


BOOM looked at home ministry data on terror incidents in Jammu and Kashmir. And it does show that the overall number of terror incidents saw a huge decline between 2004 and 2014 when Congress was voted out of power.


Table 01: Terror Incidents in Jammu & Kashmir (2004-2016)

Did UPA Break The Back of Terrorism In J&K As Claimed By Rahul Gandhi?

Source: Annual Reports, Home Ministry




Terror incidents in Jammu and Kashmir decreased by 93% from 2,565 in 2004 to 170 in 2013. The data also shows a consistent decrease in incidents in the 9 years between 2004 to 2013.


Terror incidents increased to 222 in 2014, dipped to 208 in 2015 and again jumped to 322 in 2016. The consistent decreasing trend in terror incidents exhibited between 2004 – 13 was reversed post 2014.


Thus, data proves that terror incidents had hit the lowest in 2013 between the years 2004 and 2016. It was also the lowest since 1990 as per data from Home Ministry as shown below.


Source : Annual Report 2003-04, Home Ministry



The graph below shows the fatalities involved in the terror incidents between 2004 and 2016.




In the year 2017, fatalities due to terror incidents shows death of 43 civilians, 56 security force personnel and 143 terrorists, according to data from South Asian Terrorism Portal till September 2017.



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Sneha Alexander is a policy analyst and writes data fact checks. She enjoys looking for stories behind the numbers and presents it to the reader in a friendly format. She has fact-checked some of the country's top ministers and media publications for the wrong use of data. Her fact check stories have been carried by several other prominent digital websites.

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