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India became the fourth country to have its own space observatory with the successful insertion of the Astrosat satellite into orbit by the Indian Space Research Organisation. Astrosat will help India study distant celestial objects and enhance our knowledge about the universe.
Astrosat will observe the universe through optical, ultraviolet, low and high energy X-ray components of the electromagnetic spectrum. ASTROSAT, which is carrying five payloads, including an ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (UVIT), is being described as India’s version of the Hubble telescope that NASA had put in space in 1990 and which continues to be operational.
All the payloads and instruments on ASTROSAT are meant for observation of celestial processes, and the mission is aimed at obtaining data that will help in a better understanding of the universe.