The True Story Behind One Of India's Most Well Known Fakes

While many fact-checks have been written on the fake image, hardly any have verified details about the real photo that was used to create it.
Real image associated press vs Modi sweeping floor

A debunked photoshopped image purporting to show a young Narendra Modi sweeping the floor, found its way back to social media last month.

While many fact-checks have been written on the fake image, hardly any have verified details about the real photo that was used to create it.

The morphed image - one of India's most well know fakes - purporting to show Modi - went viral in 2013 in the run-up to the Lok Sabha elections.

The photo was one of many images that flooded social media at the time, to build a narrative around the then prime ministerial candidate's humble upbringing.

The fake photo resurfaced in April this year on the Facebook page 'Mission Shri Ram Mandir' from where it received over 600 shares. Archived version of the post.

The post was then shared to a group 'Mission Modi 2019 में अपने 100 मित्रों को जोड़े'

Screenshot of Facebook Group

Find an archived link to the post here.

In 2016 Janata Ka Reporter reported about an Right To Information (RTI) reply which confirmed that the image was morphed.

One of the earliest appearances of the photoshopped image was through a Twitter user Rajkumar Soni (@raj_soni_kadel) on July 12, 2013. Soni was called out by a blogger Reema Satin on July 13, 2013. (Read about it here.) BOOM tried to locate the original tweet with on Soni's Twitter timeline, but the tweet has been deleted.

The morphed picture was also carried by a Telugu blogger on September 29, 2013, which can be read here.

BOOM decided to put to bed the fake image by trying to track down the original photo.

We used a time filter on Google Reverse Image search to find out if the image appeared online before 2013.

The image surfaced in 2010 through a compilation of images in a Columbia University coursework directory.

The fake image was morphed from the image of a sweeper clicked by an Associate Press (AP) photographer on June 2, 1946. The picture of PM Narendra Modi cannot be true, since the prime minister was born on September 17, 1950 - 4 years after this picture was the taken.

The original image

The image in the repository carries a credit note attributing the image to AP.

The credit note for the image can be seen here.

BOOM wrote to the Associated Press to verify both the image and the attached credit note attributed to them.

"The image is an AP photo taken by staff photographer Max Desfor."

Lauren Easton, Director of Media Relations told BOOM.

We also found the image by looking through AP's photo archives.

Click here to view the photo in AP's archive.

The identity of the man and the exact location of where the photo was taken are not specified.

The caption accompanying the image states, "One of India's "untouchable" caste holds the broom he uses in sweeping out streets, yards and houses, June 2, 1946. The untouchables, or Harijans (Children of God) as they are called by Gandhi, do all of the nation's "unclean" work. Gandhi repeatedly has said the curse of oppressive British rule was a just punishment for the sin of untouchability that high-caste Hindus have practiced for many centuries." (AP Photo/Max Desfor)

Max Desfor was a Pultizer Prize winning war photographer with the Associated Press - covering Asia in the 1940's through till the 1960's. Desfor's image of Korean War refugees crawling across a damaged bridge in 1950 won him the award. He died at the age of 104 last year. Read more about him here.

Claim Review :  PM Modi Is Sweeping The Floor
Claimed By :  Mission Shri Ram Mandir
Fact Check :  FAKE
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