As with canoe sprint, canoe slalom also utilises canoes and kayaks, however there are some significant differences. The sport was modelled from ski slalom and began in Switzerland in 1932.
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In its early days, canoe slalom was first performed on flat water, but later switched to white water rapids.
While in canoe sprint the boats are long and streamlined, in canoe slalom the boats are small, light and agile, allowing for greater maneuverability through the rapids.